The event took place in the main amphiteater of the new building of the Faculty of Economics of the Roger Williams University, in Bristol, Rhode Island. Even before the scheduled time, the hall was full of people including the aisles.
Its main focus is on the diaries Wegener wrote during his explorations, which offer unique insights into the manifold challenges man and material faced in Greenland's extreme environments.
You may choose to read the diaries in their original state, or browse the expeditions individually and read transcribed and translated excerpts by clicking on the tabs below. Biography of Alfred Wegener Alfred Wegener — became internationally known for his heavily disputed theory of continental drift, which he formulated as early as Yet his exploration of Greenland, as well as his related work in glaciology and aerology, also makes up a considerable part of his multifarious scientific career as a meteorologist and geophysicist.
Portrait of Alfred Wegener — Wegener lived in a period of tremendous political and scientific upheaval and transformation. Born in Berlin, he grew up in the German Empire at a time that saw the advent of new technologies such as the airship, electricity and the automobile.
At that time Max Planck and Albert Einstein were calling the fundamentals of modern physics into question. In addition, geophysics, meteorology and glaciology were changing into modern, globally oriented disciplines. While his father was a theologian and classics teacher, Alfred and his older brother Kurt — were more inclined towards the natural sciences.
Wegener studied mathematics and astronomy in Berlin and Heidelberg, but soon was drawn to geophysics and meteorology.
Alfred, like his brother, enjoyed hiking, mountain climbing, and sailing. Together they participated in ballooning and conducted meteorological observations in the new discipline of aerology.
Together they set a world record for the longest time spent aloft in a balloon, remaining in the air for 52 hours from 5 to 7 April The experiences with kites and balloons as a meteorologist in the new field of aerology at Lindenberg gave him the unexpected opportunity to participate in the Danish Danmark Expedition to Greenland from — In Wegener formulated his ideas about the origins of oceans and continents for the first time.
Also in this case it was an intuitive insight and immediate observation that made him think about the origins of continental movements. Portrait of Alfred Wegener — Marburg, 6.
Dear Father, I must answer your lengthy letter straightaway. Even if I only arrived at the idea due to the correspondence between the coastlines, the documentation will naturally have to be based on material from geological observation.
On 6 JanuaryWegener gave a courageous presentation at the annual meeting of the geological society Geologische Vereinigung at the Senckenberg Museum in Frankfurt. This talk then was published as an article in the renowned journal Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen [Alfred Wegener: Die Entstehung der Kontinente.
Petermanns Mitteilungenpp. However, during his lifetime Wegener did not receive recognition for his ideas. Only later, in the context of the systematic exploration of the sea floor in the s, did observations of the phenomenon of sea floor spreading prove his insights.
In his Greenland diaries the theory of continental drift is only mentioned once in a rather ironic self-reflection about the difficult circumstances of polar exploration: And who knows how things will turn out tomorrow.
One would think that this forced rest would encourage my mind to ponder, solve scientific questions, and to concentrate on things that I know I think about constantly when I am back home. But only once in a while do I find myself coming up with some unimpressive beginnings of ideas.
All these problems, that of the volcanos, the cyclones, the blue strips in the ice, the daily fluctuation of the barometer, the rotation in the solar system, etc. It persistently returns to two things, back and forth, and both are of a shamefully material nature: How will Else and I arrange things, and what kind of food will we cook?
Note that the first question comes up primarily after our meals, the second before. During World War I Wegener worked as a meteorologist.
In addition to these duties he found time to write his famous book on continental drift. After World War I the ambitious and by then well-known Wegener was still having trouble finding a professorship.
In he accepted an offer from the University of Graz Austriawhere he spent fruitful years as an academic teacher and researcher. In the early s academic life was still disrupted by the consequences of World War I. All in all Wegener participated in four polar expeditions: He is well known as an expert of Greenland and for his close relations with the Inuit populations of Denmark and Greenland.
Wegener was an experienced polar explorer and many of his scientific goals can be traced to the early expeditions where he was already starting to pursue glaciological and meteorological questions.The German meteorologist, Arctic explorer and geophysicist Alfred Lothar Wegener is remembered for his theory of continental drift.
Alfred Wegener son of an Evangelical preacher, was born in Berlin on Nov.
1, He attended university at Heidelberg, Innsbruck, and Berlin. The cultural session, entitled "The Odyssey of the Portuguese Jews," held on Sunday, February 21, , was a great success. The event took place in . In a German meteorologist named Alfred Wegener () hypothesized a single proto-supercontinent that divided up into the continents we now know because of .
Alfred Wegener Biography Alfred Wegener was a renowned German geophysicist and meteorologists who is known for pioneering the ‘Continental Drift’ theory. To know more about his childhood, profile, timeline and career read timberdesignmag.com: Else Koppen Wegener. May all the conference participants gain interesting input and inspiring new knowledge for their work in the geosciences.
Prof. Exactly years ago the most outstanding German Geoscientist Alfred Wegener published the first edition of his seminal book Die Enstehung der Kontinente und Ozeane (The Origin of Continents and Oceans).
. The German meteorologist, Arctic explorer, and geophysicist Alfred Lothar Wegener () is remembered for his theory of continental drift. Alfred Wegener son of an Evangelical preacher, was born in Berlin on Nov. 1,