History[ edit ] One of the earliest applications of haptic technology was in large aircraft that use servomechanism systems to operate control surfaces. Here, the missing normal forces are simulated with springs and weights. In lighter aircraft without servo systems, as the aircraft approached a stall the aerodynamic buffeting vibrations was felt in the pilot's controls.
The idea that there could be something of a merge between aspects of virtual reality, and true reality would have been thought to be only for movies and computer games by the average person a decade or so ago, but now augmented reality has become a reality, and evidence of its progression can be seen in early technologies and computer systems that interact with humans.
On the topic of virtual reality, this is often something that is confused with augmented reality. Virtual reality is where a user is immersed into an artificially created environment. Virtual reality requires the computer to produce highly realistic visuals and ambience to provide the user with a realistic experience, and must also provide sufficient interaction with the user to make the simulation more apparent.
One feature which highlights the difference between virtual reality and augmented reality is that the virtual environment has the ability and is in fact a requirement to completely immerse the user in the virtual environment and block out any ambient features of the real world.
So why augment reality in any case? This idea can be derived from how Ambient systems have been, and currently are influencing and becoming part of our daily routines and lifestyles.
Taking ambient intelligence one step further, we can see how the notion of the disappearing computer , which is how computers have become able to interact so seamlessly with our everyday lives that people may not realise that their lives are revolving around the dependence of computer systems, can lead to systems providing augmented reality to make human computer interaction even more seamless.
The future possibilities of augmented reality are endless, and many systems already have, or are currently developing software and hardware to make augmented reality a common occurrence. The uses for augmented reality range from tourism, to business, to the military . One simple example of how augmented reality is somewhat already in use in the military is the Heads Up Display HUD in military aircrafts.
This gives the pilot more information about his real environment and therefore greater control over it. Other areas of the military are also planning to implement HUD style systems, and are running various trials with software.
Currently, similar systems are being used with foot soldiers as training methods, and trials are running for smaller, more portable Heads Up Displays to be used by individual soldiers for use in the field, displaying tactical and positional information among other things.
This is the type of thing we have seen in futuristic computer games, and it seems that now, with technology advancing exponentially, works of fiction are becoming a reality.
Other simple, yet effective uses of augmented reality can also be found in the Sports and Entertainment sectors. Similar tools are used in football in England and other countries, where offside lines are superimposed onto the video footage to show and analyse the game.
In cricket, a virtual reality model of the ground is used and trajectory lines show all the paths taken by the cricket ball throughout the game.
This provides visual aid to the collection of statistical data used in analysing the game. I believe that it will not be long before this virtual reality system is replaced by a similar, augmented reality system which will not only be more aesthetically pleasing for viewers of the game, but will also aid in the analysis of sport, much in the way it has for football and American football.
Augmented reality is also widely used in the media, and much of it goes unnoticed which you could argue is evidence of a well implemented system.
One example is the use of the three dimensional weather maps, where weathermen will walk across a map of a country or area showing and presenting weather patterns with the aid of computer effects.
The future of augmented reality seems promising. There are already several new and innovating systems currently in development using this technology, and I have given some examples in the last section.
Several Universities and research institutes have experimented with augmented reality, and have developed many novel tools and demonstration programs, some of which have much potential.
We present novel designs for virtual and augmented reality near-eye displays based on phase-only holographic projection. For more information, please visit our project page and blog. ISACA has issued the following white papers to provide constituents with practical and pragmatic information that is timely and relevant regarding issues that have just begun to, or will soon impact enterprise operations. [ Pages Report] The augmented reality market was valued at USD billion in and is expected to reach USD billion by , growing at a CAGR of % during the forecast period.
One example is the table tennis game. This is where a projector projects and virtual image of a pool of water onto a table tennis top, and sensors on the table interact with the ball so that when the ball hits the table, the computer creates a ripple effect . A more advanced demonstration of what augmented reality is capable of, can be seen in virtual reality centres where the crossover between virtual reality and physical reality is exploited to great use.
Using headsets and other devices, a virtual map of a location e. Then when the headset is worn by a user, the user can physically move around and interact with the room and its objects. When combining the virtual reality and physical true reality, the designer of the system can choose to implement and include virtual objects as well as real objects, and also create alternative visualisations for the physical objects.
This example shows the capability of augmented reality, and it is evident that there are many ways this type of system can be exploited and used, with the most obvious path being commercial gaming and entertainment.
Other more productive ideas in development that use augmented reality include using it in the medical field. A lot of the medical uses for augmented reality involve the surgery process, using computer enhanced images from such sources as CT scans or MRI scans and project them on to the subject.
This will allow the doctors and surgeons to operate more efficiently and would eliminate the need to use the stereotactic frames that are currently used . Construction and repair is another fieldVirtual reality (VR) offers tourism many useful applications that deserve greater attention from tourism researchers and professionals.
As VR technology continues to evolve, the number and significance of such applications undoubtedly will increase. Haptic technology or kinesthetic communication recreates the sense of touch by applying forces, vibrations, or motions to the user.
This mechanical stimulation can be used to assist in the creation of virtual objects in a computer simulation, to control such virtual objects, and to enhance the remote control of machines and devices (telerobotics). If you’ve had the pleasure of setting up Oculus and Vive VR rigs, then you’re aware that the Vive is a dream to set up compared to the Oculus – Oculus is incredibly, .
Piekarski, W. and Thomas, B. H. Software Architectures for the Development of Interactive Augmented Reality Modelling Applications. In International Workshop on Software Technology for Augmented Reality Systems, Tokyo, Japan, Oct Piekarski, W. and Thomas, B. H. Augmented Reality User Interface and Techniques for Outdoor Modelling.
From B2C to B2B, augmented reality has the potential to change the world in many ways, in this article we describe the top five ways this new revolutionary technology could potentially change retail, logistics, and the supply chain.
Introduction to Augmented Reality R. Silva, J. C. Oliveira, G. A. Giraldi discussed and this paper will provide an overview of them.
Future directions are discussed. Keywords: Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality, Scientiﬁc Visualization 1 INTRODUCTION Augmented Reality (AR) is a new technology.