In works such as Dialectic of Enlightenment and Negative DialecticsAdorno and Horkheimer theorized that the phenomenon of mass culture has a political implication, namely that all the many forms of popular culture are parts of a single culture industry whose purpose is to ensure the continued obedience of the masses to market interests. The theory[ edit ] The essay is concerned with the production of cultural content in capitalist societies. It critiques the supply-driven nature of cultural economies as well as the apparently inferior products of the system. They highlight the presence of mass-produced culture, created and disseminated by exclusive institutions and consumed by a passive, homogenised audience in both systems.
Methods[ edit ] The method through which cultural reproduction is perpetuated varies by the socializing agent's relative location, awareness, and intention to reproduce social or cultural norms.
Enculturation can be described as "a partly conscious and partly unconscious learning experience when the older generation invites, induces, and compels the younger generation to adopt traditional ways of thinking and behaving".
The degree of similarity between the cultures of each successive generation through enculturation may vary.
This concept could be demonstrated by the tendency of each successive generation to follow cultural norms such as transportation right of way.
These expectations are set forth and replicated by the prior generation. There may be little if any empirical evidence supporting a choice of driving in one lane or another, yet with each new generation, the accepted norm of that individual's culture is reinforced and perpetuated.
Parents and educators prove to be two of the most influential enculturating forces of cultural reproduction. The integration of Chinese food or French linguistics into American culture represents this concept.
The concept of education as an agent of cultural reproduction is argued to be less directly explained by the material and a subject taught, but rather more so through what is known as the Hidden curriculum.
This refers to the socialization aspect of the education process. Through this, an adolescent acquires 'appropriate attitudes and values' needed to further succeed within the confines of education.
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An adolescent's success or failure within the formal education system is a function of both their ability to demonstrate both measures of formal educational qualifications, as well as the attainment of the aforementioned qualities acquired through socialization mechanisms.
This nature of education is reproduced throughout all stages of the system; from primary to post secondary. The ability of a student to progress to each subsequent level requires mastery of the prior. One's ability to successfully complete the process of educational attainment strongly correlates to the capacity to realize adequate pay, occupational prestige, social status, etc.
It's believed, however, that the primary means in which education determines an individual's social status, class, values, and hierarchy, is through the distribution of cultural capital. This notion of cultural capital accumulation, and the degree to which an individual attains cultural capital, determines the individual's access to resources and opportunities.
Education provides functional prerequisites — known as Parsonian Functionalism states that education's function is to provide individuals with the necessary values and attitudes for future work.
This forms the assumption that regardless of the trade an individual participates, they will all need a similar set of social skills for their day to day interactions. From this concept, the idea of education as an Ideological state apparatus emerged.
This elaborated on the prior by continuing that both family and school work together to reproduce social classes, occupational hierarchy, value orientation, and ideology.
An individual is provided the appropriate attitude that should be observed within the labor force. Further it establishes an "acceptance to the reproduction of submissive attitude to the established order"  With this, education's primary role is believed to be as a method of sorting individuals rather than equally educating.
Those with high levels of accumulated social capital from parents or other sources are more easily able to excel within the system of education.The workshop will explore a new theoretical perspective and methodology – agnotology, the cultural production of ignorance – in interdisciplinary science studies.
This paper will present Bourdieu‟s social reproduction thesis and then critically examine key empirical studies in quantitative research on the link between cultural capital and educational attainment.
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Poetics 12 () North-Holland THE FIELD OF CULTURAL PRODUCTION, OR: THE ECONOMIC WORLD REVERSED PIERRE BOURDIEU To be fully understood, literary production has to be approached in relational terms, by constructing the literary field, i.e.
the space of literary prises deposition that are possible in a given period in a given society. GRIN Publishing: academic texts, satisfied authors. Publish for free & earn money with your thesis, term paper, presentation, essay.