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The participants were selected based on the following criteria: The finding of the study showed that all of the participants went through the following writing process: In addition, the think-aloud protocol had different effects on the participants. Five of the participants admitted that the think-aloud protocol had a positive effect because it helped them in organizing their thoughts and ideas.
However, only one participant found thinking aloud made her difficult to focus on the writing task due to the demand to verbalize and write at the same time.
Utilizing the writing process approach with English as a second language writers: Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertation and Theses Of village bomoh and the lottery: Content schemata influence on second language reading.
Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 4 1 An exploratory study of factors affecting the process and product of writing in English as a foreign language.
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Journal of Educational Psychology, 94 4 Succeeding with English language learners: A guide for beginning teachers. A cognitive process theory of writing. College Composition and Communication, 32, — A classification of genre families in university student writing.
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Retrieved from ERIC website: Writing research and the writer. American psychologist, 41 10 Writing in academic settings:How to Be Positive. When we think of the word "positive," most of us probably think "happy." However, happiness isn't the only type of positivity.
There are many ways to be more positive in your life, even when you're experiencing sadness. The Flower-Hayes Model (or Cognitive Process Theory of Writing): Flower and Hayes acknowledge the wide acceptance of prewriting-writing-rewriting, but argue that it may be too linear and that the stages are not clean-cut.
Writers should always be prewriting and rewriting; it .
Flower and Hayes () define a cognitive model of writing in terms of three basic processes: planning, translating these ideas into text, and reviewing the result with a view to improving it.
These three processes are said to operate interactively, guided by a .
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The term hippie . The present study examined the writing processes of 20 L1 writers and 20 L2 writers on a course task of writing a narrative in a Chinese university naturalistic setting, as well as the challenges they encountered and their coping strategies during the processes.
processes,” Flower and Hayes hoped this basic cognitive model would lead to a clearer understanding of the key steps and thought patterns that occur throughout the writing process ().