Mohandas Mahatma Gandhi, the Gujarati barrister who had returned from living for many years in South Africa shortly after the war started, was recognized throughout India as one of the most-promising leaders of the Congress Party. His father—Karamchand Gandhi, who was the dewan chief minister of Porbandarthe capital of a small principality in western India in what is now Gujarat state under British suzerainty—did not have much in the way of a formal education. He was, however, an able administrator who knew how to steer his way between the capricious princes, their long-suffering subjects, and the headstrong British political officers in power.
When Gandhi was 18 years old, he went to England to study law. InGandhi was attacked by a group of people in Durban Harbor, South Africa when he was going to work. He went to South Africa because he could not find work in India. Then Gandhi started protesting against segregation. He created a powerful, non-violent movement.
During Gandhi's life, India was a colony of the United Kingdombut wanted independence. He was a huge leader during that era and his thoughts helped catalyze the Indian independence movement. But then the protest turned violent and people started to kill the protesters.
When he returned to India, he helped cause India's independence from British rule, inspiring other colonial people to work for their own independence, break up the British Empireand replace it with the Commonwealth.
People of many different religions and ethnic groups lived in British India.
Many people thought that the country should break into separate countries so that different groups could have their own countries. In particular, many people thought that Hindus and Muslims should have separate countries.
Gandhi was a Hindu, but he liked ideas from many religions including IslamJudaism and Christianityand he thought that people of all religions should have the same rights, and could live together peacefully in the same country. InGandhi resigned from Congress.
He said that he was no longer able to work through Congress to unite the divisions in caste and religion.
He also felt that he had little to offer to the political process. Gandhi wanted independence, but did not want to split into two different countries. Instead of celebrating on independence day, he was crying over the division of India. Gandhi's principle of satyagraha, often translated as "way of truth" or "pursuit of truth", has inspired other democratic and anti-racist activists like Martin Luther King, Jr.
Gandhi often said that his values were simple, based upon traditional Hindu beliefs:Life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in eight volumes, Chaman Nahal's Gandhi Quartet, and Pyarelal and Sushila Nayyar with their Mahatma Gandhi in 10 volumes.
The biography, Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle With India by Joseph Lelyveld contained controversial material speculating about Gandhi's sexual timberdesignmag.com: 30 January (aged 78), New Delhi, Delhi, Dominion of India (present-day India).
Mahatma Gandhi biography in Hindi & Read more Details Information about MK Gandhi history in Hindi, and all Information about Mahatma Gandhi's Movements - महात्मा गांधी जीवनी. Mahatma Gandhi Essay in Hindi महात्मा गाँधी पर निबंध मोहनदास करमचंद गाँधी का जन्म 2 अक्टूबर को पोरबंदर में Biography & Life History जीवनी व इतिहास.
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Watch video · Indian nationalist leader Mahatma Gandhi (born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) was born on October 2, , in Porbandar, Kathiawar, India, which was then part of the British Empire. For decades he edited several newspapers including Harijan in Gujarati, in Hindi and in the English language; Indian Opinion while in South Africa and, Chaman Nahal's Gandhi Quartet, and Pyarelal and Sushila Nayyar with their Mahatma Gandhi in 10 volumes.
The biography, Died: 30 January (aged 78), New Delhi, Delhi, Dominion of India (present-day India).