Students will be able to identify and discuss their own career aspirations or relevant skills and knowledge and how they impact on others. Students will be able to identify and demonstrate the perspectives or problem solving techniques of different disciplines.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Cannabis is one of the most widely abused substances throughout the world. Although it is used as a recreational drug, it can potentially lead to dependence and behavioral disturbances and its heavy use may increase the risk for psychotic disorders.
Many studies that endeavor to understand the mechanism of action of cannabis concentrate on pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of cannabinoids in humans. However, there is limited research on the chronic adverse effects and retention of cannabinoids in human subjects. Cannabis detection is directly dependent on accurate analytical procedures for detection of metabolites and verification of recent use.
In this review, an attempt has been made to summarize the properties of cannabis and its derivatives, and to discuss the implications of its use with emphasis on bioavailability, limit of detection, carry over period and passive inhalation, important factors for detection and diagnosis.
Cannabis, Cannabinoids, Mental disorders, Tetrahydrocannabinol Cannabis has been used for both recreational and medicinal purposes since several centuries 1 — 5. Hashish, a cannabis preparation, was found in Egyptian mummies 2.
Marijuana, Hashish, Bhang and Ganja are the most widely used illicit drugs in the world. These psychoactive products are obtained from the plant Cannabis sativa Indian hemp and some of its subspecies.
Cannabis is perceived as a recreational and harmless drug in some countries, even in leading medical journals and in some sections of the lay press 3. However, in most countries, it is categorized as a drug of abuse and its use is strictly prohibited 34. Marijuana comes from leaves, stems, and dried flower buds of the cannabis plant.
Hashish is a resin obtained from flowering buds of the hemp plant 5. Most cannabis preparations are either smoked, or taken orally after mixing with other substances See Table 1.
The prevalence of recreational use of cannabis has increased markedly worldwide, particularly among young people. India, which has a population of just over a billion, has A majority of cannabis users in India start abusing cannabis in their adolescence and quit after initial experimentation, while the rest develop dependence 78.
Cannabis abuse among younger subjects is associated with poor academic performance and increased school dropout. Many studies have demonstrated that psychosis, violence, aggression, sexual encounters, accidents, and crime are closely associated with cannabis abuse 1 — 3.
Cannabis use have been associated with conduct disorders, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHDand learning disorders.
Evidence suggests that cannabis dependence in young people predicts increased risk of using other illicit drugs, under performance in school, and reporting of associated psychotic symptoms 78. Interestingly, the biomedical benefits of cannabis have also been recognized from millennia 5 and it has been shown to have therapeutic potential as an appetite stimulant, antiemetic and antispasmodic 9.
Similarly, other clinical conditions where the potential use of cannabis has been suggested include epilepsy, glaucoma and asthma Table 1 Different Preparations of Cannabinoids 23 No. · The US chemical industry produces about 25 billion kilograms of ethylene annually, more than any other synthetic organic chemical.
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Medical Marijuana Essay. Topics: Medical Federal and state laws on medicinal marijuana are very different from each other. Cannabis has a lot of health benefits, this is the reason California was the first state to legalize it for medicinal purposes.
The flowers of the plant contain psychoactive and psychologically active chemical.