The discipline of terminology consists primarily of the following aspects: Types of terminology[ edit ] A distinction is made between two types of terminology work: Ad hoc work on terminology, which deals with a single term or a limited number of terms Systematic collection of terminology, which deals with all the terms in a specific subject field or domain of activity, often by creating a structured ontology of the terms within that domain and their interrelationships. Ad hoc terminology is prevalent in the translation profession, where a translation for a specific term or group of terms is required quickly to solve a particular translation problem.
Freight transportation and logistics terminology. Common freight shipping and trucking lingo. Get Free Quotes Understanding freight shipping terms and definitions. We used our extensive logistics knowledge and experience to create a straightforward guide to freight shipping and logistics terminology.
It covers the terms you need to know to understand the freight shipping process from start to finish. A Adjustments - Costs incurred after a shipment has delivered.
Paper terminology dictionary costs can be added for a discrepancy between the freight characteristics quoted and the delivered shipment details of weight, class and dimensions, or may be accrued for additional services performed such as a liftgate.
Learn how to avoid adjustments. Agent - A person who transacts business on behalf of another person or company with full or limited decision-making authority. In shipping, an agent may supervise customs procedures, documentation, or insurance. This person may also receive a portion of any monetary gain from a transaction as payment.
Axle Load - The axle load refers to the weight each axle puts on the nation's highways. B Back Haul - The return trip of a truck transporting cargo or freight.
It may be a return to the origin of the freight hauled in which the carrier is willing to offer a discount to secure freight for the trip. Beneficial Owner - This is a legal term where specific property rights belong to a person even though the legal title of the property belongs to another person.
Bill of Lading BOL - The bill of lading BOL is the legally-binding contract between the shipper and the carrier, broker or agent that defines all aspects of the freight shipping arrangement including what is being shipped and to whom.
Learn more about the bill of lading.
Blocking and bracing - This term refers to wood or other supports used to keep shipments in place on trailers or in containers throughout the shipping process.
This technique is widely used by expert shippers to secure their freight shipment. Learn the best practices for blocking and bracing. Blind Shipment - When the shipper and receiver are not aware of one another, the freight shipment is called a blind shipment. In such cases, the bill of lading lists the party that paid for the shipment as the shipper or receiver of the freight shipment.
Bogie - This is a rail shipping term that refers to a frame with wheels on which a container is mounted for over-the-road transport.
Brokerage License - A brokerage license is a legally required document that a broker obtains in order to have the ability to make land, sea and air freight shipping arrangements.
Brokerage licenses are different for both transportation and customs. Bulk Freight - Freight that is not contained within packages or containers is referred to as bulk freight.
Often times, bulk freight comes in the form of liquid or a granular form such as sand or crude oil. C Cartage - A trucking term that refers to shipping freight within the same city or area. Chassis - A rail shipping term that refers to a frame with wheels and locking devices to secure a container during shipping.
Classification - A freight classification is assigned to a shipment for the purpose of applying transportation charges. Freight classifications are used for less than truckload LTL shipments.
Learn more about freight class. Consignee - The individual who is financially responsible for the receipt of a freight shipment. This person is usually the receiver of the shipment as well. Consignor - An individual usually the seller who sends goods to the consignee and is the legal owner until the consignee pays them in full.
Consolidation - A consolidated shipment is when two or more shipments are combined to save money on freight shipping costs. This shipping method is used in less than truckload shipping with multiple stops before reaching the final destination.
Learn more about consolidated shipping. Container - A container looks like a truck trailer with no wheels and is now among the most common freight shipping methods in the United States and abroad. Containers are used for intermodal shipping and come in standard sizes to ensure they fit on standard trucks, rail cars and container ships.
Cross-Town - A shipping term used when a container or trailer is delivered from one railroad as part of the shipping route, the move is called cross-town shipping. Cubic Capacity - The total freight load capacity of any truck, train or ship is measured in cubic feet.
The cubic capacity is the total load in cubic feet which cannot be legally exceeded. Learn how to avoid violations of cubic capacity.The widest sheet of finished paper that can be made on a paper machine or the unneeded waste cut from a roll of paper during converting.
Waste is minimized by utilizing the fullest width of the sheet possible (trimming), into finished goods. Printing dictionary Welcome to the graphic design, prepress & print dictionary. Stan Schwartz supplied most of the printing and finishing terms of this online glossary.
Active Door: The door people use every time they enter or leave the house.
When there are double doors, it is the door that opens with an entry set knob or lever. The other door is called the inactive door and opens when the flush bolts are released. PaperSpecs is an innovative resource for highly committed creatives who are in love with the tactile experience provided by paper and print.
Through videos, webinars, blog posts, and . ACDI: Asynchronous Communications Device Interface: A software device that permits asynchronous transmission, a way of transmitting data in which one character is sent at a time, and there may be uneven amounts of time between characters.
This page contains the definition of term, words and/or phrase commonly used in pulp and papermaking, printing, converting and paper trading.