Some civilizations were successful, and others were not with the addition of other cultures to a preexisting culture already forged in that area. African civilizations flourished greatly before the arrival of Europeans in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
After reading a report in early that the rich mineral resources of the Congo Basin the modern-day Republic of the Congo could return an entrepreneurial capitalist a substantial profit, the Belgian king ordered the creation of the International African Association, under his personal direction, to assume control over the Congo Basin region.
When Leopold asked for international recognition of his personal property in the Congo, Europe gathered at the Berlin Conference, called to create policy on imperial claims.
The conference, after much political wrangling, gave the territory to Leopold as the Congo Free State. The conference further decreed that for future imperialist claims to garner international recognition, "effective occupation" would be required. In other words, no longer did plunging a flag into the ground mean that land was occupied.
The conference also created some definition for "effective occupation," noting that significant "economic development" was required.
Given notice by King Leopold, the major European powers sprung into action. Within forty years, by and the end of the scramble for Africa, Great Britain dominated the breadth of the African continent from Egypt to South Africa, as well as Nigeria and the Gold Coast; the French occupied vast expanses of west Africa; the Germans boasted control over modern-day Tanzania and Namibia; the Portuguese exerted full control over Angola and Mozambique.
Only Ethiopia and the African-American state of Liberia remained independent. Conquest was relatively easy for the European states: Bands of just a few hundred men and barely a handful of machine guns could obliterate thousands of Africans in mere hours.
The only notable exception to this was Ethiopia, a strategically especially after the opening of the Suez Canal placed state at the horn of Africa. By the early s, Ethiopia was in danger of invasion from the British, French, and Italians.
After Menelik II gave minor concessions to France in return for weapons, Italy grew nervous of the growing French interest in the country and offered Menelik Italian weapons, as well.
Soon, Britain and even Russia joined in the game. Throughout the s, Ethiopia grew stronger and stronger as the scramble for Africa went on around it. However, by the early s, Menelik's plans began to unravel as war seemed imminent. InItaly claimed Ethiopia as an Italian protectorate.
When Menelik objected, Italy moved against the emperor all of Europe had armed for over a decade. Italy, longing for a glorious victory to enhance its prestige, ordered its troops into battle.
Outnumbered and outequipped, the Italians lost over eight thousand men in the Battle of Adowa on 1 March What were the motives for empire in general, and in Africa specifically? We can speak of this in general and specific terms.
When one asks, say, "Why did Great Britain decide to take Kenya?
Scramble For Africa DBQ Essay Sample Published by admin on January 7, In the three decennaries after the Berlin Conference in Africa. European powers began to colonise countries in Africa which this event was shortly to be called the Scramble for Africa. During the Berlin Conference. many European states claimed their settlements in. DBQ - The Scramble for Africa [Partial DBQ: Not all documents are given](pdf) Practice for POV Analysis on the DBQ Multiple Choice Test - Chapters 23 & 24 - Topics for Review. Western European imperialism in Africa greatly influenced the economic, cultural, and military development of countries in that area. France, Britain, and Germany were the three main Imperialist Powers in Africa during the late eighteen hundreds.
Others claimed lands so their enemies would not. Still others dominated certain areas to please missionaries already in place.
Various specific reasons dominate any discussion of the specifics of the scramble for Africa; however, what were the motives for empire in general?
Let us take a few possibilities in turn. The economic potential of empire, as Britain and Spain had been proving for centuries, was unquestionable. Empire could insulate the mother country from dangerous booms and busts in the economic cycle by keeping markets open and exclusive.
Mercantile policies could increase revenues and natural resources could shore up the treasury. Some of these areas were strategically important for maintaining trade routes to Asia or maintaining refueling station for a world- wide navy.
The Horn of Africa, the southern tip of the continent, and the west- African coast were all strategic locations for world control. Inside the continent, territory was important for its location. Great Britain, hoping to link Cairo in the north with Cape Town in the south, wanted north-south dominion; therefore, all the territory between those two points gained strategic value.Thesis Statements Good DBQ Thesis Statements: Takes a stand Answers the question Previews the argument Details Time and Place Groupings Can be more than one sentence DBQ Question Using the documents, analyze African actions and reactions in response to the European Scramble for Africa.
Write a well-organized essay, either on paper or using a word-processor (check with your teacher), that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion. Use evidence from at least five documents in your essay. Ben Webb 3rd hour DBQ Essay Africans reacted to the European Scramble for Africa with horror, submission, and in some cases, rebellion.
One reaction to the Europeans taking control over Africa was conforming or submitting to the Europeans. Dbq. DBDBQ Essay In , the European government colonized areas in Africa which was known as the European Scramble for Africa - Dbq introduction. There are various ways of actions and reactions of the Africans in response to the European Scramble for Africa.
Start studying Driving Force Behind European Imperialism in Africa. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. African Imperialism essays The European colonization of the continent of Africa was horrible for the African people, and led the way for their race to be discriminated against for many years to come.
Each country in Europe wanted to be part of the imperialistic race, and this led to the decimat.